Many people are attracted to the fluffy coat of a dog, but those coats can also be the messiest part of having a dog. With hairless dog breeds, there’s minimal cleaning and no brushing, making them much easier to care for. They might not feel as soft and cuddly, but they’ll likely be just as playful and lovable as any other dog. However, many of these breeds are actually rare.
The American Kennel Club only recognizes three breeds as completely hairless dogs, but there are still others that fit. Many people plan to get hairless dogs to help with their allergies, but it’s important to note that no dog is completely hypoallergenic. All dogs have dander and saliva, which are the most common causes of dog allergies. So, even though these are some of the most low maintenance dog breeds, it’s still possible for them to make you sneeze.
#1 – American Hairless Terrier
The American Hairless Terrier is one of the only hairless breeds recognized by the AKC. They come in varieties with and without a coat, but both are low maintenance with minimal shedding. They have a similar appearance to the Rat Terrier. These dogs are extremely playful and smart, making them easy to train. The only problem you might find is that their skin is often extra sensitive, making it prone to sunburns and not suitable for winter climates. Therefore, you need to be extra careful with how long you let your American Hairless Terrier stay outside, especially in extreme weather conditions.
#2 – Xoloitzcuintli
This breed is also commonly referred to as the “Mexican Hairless Dog” or the “Xolo”. These dogs are also recognized by the AKC as a hairless breed, and they were first bred as watchdogs for the ancient Aztecs. Like the American Hairless Terrier, this dog also has a coated variety, but it’s still a low-shedding breed. They also come in three different size variations similar to a Poodle’s sizes: toy, miniature, and standard. They make great companions because they’re loyal and always on the lookout for danger. When needed, they will be extra protective around their loved ones, but they are generally a calm breed.
#3 – Chinese Crested
The Chinese Crested is likely the most well-known hairless breed, however, it has more hair than the other breeds on this list. Generally, these dogs are hairless all over, except on their heads and feet. They have a variation called a “powderpuff”, which has a coat of fluffy hair. However, the hair on a powderpuff still only has minimal shedding. These dogs are usually lively and energetic, but they are also fine just lounging around too. They bond quickly with their loved ones, showing extreme loyalty. Unfortunately, they have sensitive skin though, which means they can get sunburns, rashes, and even acne on a regular basis.
#4 – Peruvian Inca Orchid
These dogs look similar to the Xoloitzcuintli, especially since they also come in three sizes. They can also come with coats, but it’s not common. They typically have a “mohawk” of hair on the top of their head, but they are almost completely hairless beyond that. These dogs are great at hunting, so they need plenty of exercise to satisfy their adventurous needs. When they’re not playing or exercising, they’re usually alert, always on the lookout for danger. However, they can also be calm and relaxed if they feel comfortable in their surroundings. Their skin can be delicate, but it depends on the specific dog.
#5 – Argentine Pila Dog
This breed is similar to the Peruvian Inca Orchid. They are agile dogs that have extremely soft skin, but they can sometimes have small tufts of fur on the top of their heads. They can run, jump, and climb with ease, so they need regular exercise to stay entertained. They are loving toward their family members, and they’re always eager to play. They’re great at adapting to new environments too. It’s possible for them to have coats, but they aren’t purposely bred to have them.
#6 – Abyssinian Sand Terrier
The Abyssinian Sand Terrier is a rare breed with a quiet, calm temperament. Most of them are completely hairless, but some have tufts of hair on the top of their head and the tip of their tail. Their skin color is usually dark with some patches of lighter tones. They make great exercise companions due to their high energy levels and playful personality. They are great watchdogs, but they almost never bark which is uncommon for a terrier.
#7 – Hairless Khala
The Hairless Khala, also known as the “Bolivian Hairless Dog”, is a rare breed that’s extremely loyal. They love to protect their families, but they are often hesitant around strangers. These dogs need lots of training and positive reinforcements in order to help them fully adjust to a family household. This is because they are generally shy and cautious when they first meet someone. They are bred in medium and large sizes, and they are usually completely hairless except for the hair on the top of their heads.
#8 – Jonangi Dog
The Jonangi dog was bred for hunting and herding, so these dogs need plenty of exercise and mental stimulation to keep them entertained. They are thought to be near extinction due to the decrease in duck hunting, which was their main purpose. Luckily, they can learn some fishing skills if there are no ducks to hunt, which is good for stray dogs. They are hesitant around strangers, but once they get to know someone, they’ll quickly fall in love. They typically become attached to one person more than anyone else though. They are also one of the few dog breeds that lets out a distinct yodel instead of a traditional bark.
#9 – Ecuadorian Hairless Dog
This breed is considered one of the rarest dogs of all the hairless dog breeds. They sometimes have a tuft of fur on the top of their heads, but they are completely hairless beyond that. Unfortunately, since these dogs are so uncommon, not a lot of information is known about them. They seem to be energetic and playful, but also cautious and polite. One interesting feature about them is that they have no premolar teeth, even though most dog breeds have about 16 premolars!
Hairless dog breeds might not look like your typical fluffy dogs, but they can still be just as friendly, playful, and loving. In fact, you won’t have to vacuum or dust your house as often without all the extra fur lying around. So, these might be the ideal dogs for you if you’re sick of cleaning up dog fur all the time. However, all of these breeds are pretty rare, so you won’t commonly see them. Therefore, if you decide that you want one of these hairless dogs, make sure you do your research to ensure that they’re the perfect fit for you.